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2.4.2 Macros

One of the great strengths of N1MM Logger is its ability to send stored messages during contest QSOs, and to embed macros in those messages. Macros are so called because they either expand to a given text string, for CW and digital modes, or execute some program function. An example of the first is the {EXCH} macro, which expands to the exchange which you entered in the Contest Setup Dialog's Sent Exchange field - for example, if you enter John CT, that is what will be sent whenever the {EXCH} macro is encountered.
The second type of macro is much more complex, and more powerful. These macros can switch the program from RUN mode to S&P mode, an essential attribute during NA Sprint, set or clear your transceiver's RIT function, or a myriad of other possibilities. In the sections that follow, you will find a comprehensive list of all the macros available in N1MM Logger, as well as useful examples of how stored messages can be structured for efficient operating.

1. General Macros


General macros can be used in all the places mentioned above.
Note that the table below is sortable alphabetically by the name of the macro, by clicking on the up/down arrow icon just to the left of the "Result" heading.


The TNC Interface accepts all of the macros above.

1.1. {END} Macro Examples


The {END} macro signals the program that the remaining {} commands are to be executed when the program returns from sending the CW, SSB or DIGI messages. Here is an example:

  • Macro: F1 {STEREOOFF}CQ TEST *{END}{STEREOON}


Whenever the F1 key is pressed, the stereo bit on the LPT port will be set to OFF. CQ will be sent via the current mode, and after the message is complete, the stereo bit on the LPT port will be turned back on. Thus, one can listen to just the second radio while the CQ is being sent, then listen to both radios after it is finished.

Close
tipMore to send after the {END} Macro?
Only Macros that do not involve sending messages are executed when they are placed after the {END} macro. For example, if you put {MYCALL} or "5NN" after the {END} macro, they will be ignored. Why? Well the message is over, there is nothing more to send. Conversely, all macros that only trigger program functions (don't send messages) are executed before any messages are sent, unless they appear after an {END} macro.

2. CATHEX and CATASC Radio Hex Macro Commands

Macro keyword Substituted by
{CAT1HEX radio_hex_command(s)}

{CAT2HEX radio_hex_command(s)}
These commands can be used to send commands to radio # 1 or radio # 2 requiring hex data input. The macro name must be followed by the radio hex data and closing terminator }. An example is shown below. There must be two hex characters per byte including zero ( zero entered as 00). Spaces are allowed anywhere in the hex command string to make entry and verification easier. You can not place more than one CAT1HEX or CAT2HEX command in a macro but the macro can contain one of each command. The exception to this rule is when the {END} macro is used. More than one radio command can be sent to the radio by placing a / character between the radio commands. Spaces are allowed around the / character. Multiple radio commands are broken into separate radio commands and sent to the radio using internal command pacing. Depending on the computer speed and the number of commands in the string, the use of these macros may delay the operation of the program when sending of CW or other program operation. There are no precautions which prevent the use of these macros while the radio is transmitting. If the user wants to switch an antenna port safely, use the {ANTRX#TOGGLE} macros which contain a TX inhibit.
An example of an Icom command is: {CAT1HEX FEFE66E01C0102FD / FEFE66E01C0102FD }
{CAT1ASC radio_ASCII_command(s)}

{CAT2ASC radio_ASCII_command(s)}
These commands can be used to send commands to radio # 1 or radio # 2 requiring ASCII data input. The macro name must be followed by the radio ASCII data and closing terminator }. An example is shown below. All leading spaces before the radio command portion begins are removed and not sent to the radio. All other spaces in the command are sent to the radio. You can not place more than one CAT1ASC or CAT2ASC command in a macro but the macro can contain one of each command. The exception to this rule is when the {END} macro is used. More than one radio command can be sent to the radio by either placing a / character between the radio commands or by concatenating them together. Spaces before or after the / character are sent to the radio. Multiple radio commands using the / separator are broken into individual radio commands and sent to the radio using internal command pacing. Non-ASCII characters may be included in the radio command string by delimiting the two character hex value with < >. The leading < and trailing > characters are not sent to the radio. Spaces are not allowed inside the < > characters. Depending on the computer speed and the number of commands in the string, the use of these macros may delay the operation of the program when sending of CW or other program operation. There are no precautions which prevent the use of these macros while the radio is transmitting. If the user wants to switch an antenna port safely, use the {ANTRX#TOGGLE} macros which contain a TX inhibit. Examples of several forms of this command are: {CAT1ASC PB1;/PB2;} {CAT1ASC PB1;PB2;} {CAT1ASC P<42>1;PB2;} FT2000 - Play message #1 would be: {CAT1ASC PB01;} You may place a space between the macro name and the radio CAT command to improve readability. All leading spaces after the CAT1ASC macro command name are removed. If the ASCII radio command contains characters that are macros (*, !, #), these characters must be sent using the hex notation explained above.
As an example, this macro contains a macro character {CAT1ASC *UM0} and will not work correctly. The correct form using hex notation would be {CAT1ASC <2A>UM0}
If the radio command needed to be terminated with a CR (Orion), the command would be {CAT1ASC <2A>UM0<0D>}

3. CATAHEX, CATIHEX, CATAASC, and CATIASC Macro Commands

Macro keyword Substituted by
Active radio
{CATA1HEX radio_hex_command(s)}

{CATA2HEX radio_hex_command(s)}

{CATA1ASC radio_ASCII_command(s)}

{CATA2ASC radio_ASCII_command(s)}


Inactive radio
{CATI1HEX radio_hex_command(s)}

{CATI2HEX radio_hex_command(s)}

{CATI1ASC radio_ASCII_command(s)}

{CATI2ASC radio_ASCII_command(s)}
These eight macros's provide flexibility to send ASCII or HEX commands to either radio in SO2R mode (or VFO in SO2V) mode based on Active or Inactive radio/VFO.

Radio specific commands were added for those SO2R users that do not have identical radios. The new macros follow the same syntax as the CAT1HEX and CAT1ASC macros.

The F-key macro text passes through a routine that removes CAT macros for radio(s) that do not qualify based on Active/Inactive radio(s). This allows one F-key string to be used for multiple purposes.

An example of a Pro3 macro string that switches DualWatch and the Rx antenna based on the radio activity is shown below. {catA1hex fefe6ee0 12 00 00fd}{catI1hex fefe6ee0 12 00 01fd}{catA2hex fefe6ee0 07 c0 fd}{catI2hex fefe6ee0 07 c1 fd}
{CATDELAY} This macro suspends the entire program operation to allow CAT commands to be received and executed by the radio possibly before a transmission begins. The need for this macro is dependent on the computer speed, radio interface rate, and radio type. The form of the CATDELAY macro is {CATDELAY N} where "N" is a user programmable delay in 50ms increments. The value of N is internally limited to 20 which would be a delay of 1 second

4. Antenna and Rotor Control Macro Commands

Macro keyword Substituted by
{ANTRX1TOGGLE}

{ANTRX2TOGGLE}

{ANTRX3TOGGLE}

{ANTRX4TOGGLE}
These macros can be used to switch between antenna ports and toggle the receive antenna input on some radios when the program is not transmitting. Some radio models have multiple inputs but lack the CI-V command to control the port so the functionality of these macros is radio dependent. When the {ANTRX#TOGGLE} macro is executed, the numbered antenna port is selected. If the same antenna port macro executed again and the radio is equipped, the receive antenna will be toggled on and off with each macro execution. If the antenna port is switched to another port, the current setting of the RX antenna is stored and used when this antenna is selected again. If only one radio antenna port is used it is only necessary to assign that {ANTRX#TOGGLE} macro to a F-key to toggle the RX antenna on/off quickly.

Supported radios: Yaesu FT950, FTDX9000, FT2000 Icom: IC746, IC746Pro, IC756, IC756Pro, IC756Pro2, IC756Pro3, IC775, IC7700, IC7800 and Elecraft K3, TenTec Orion, Kenwood TS2000, Kenwood TS-590S
{TURNROTOR} Turn the rotor to the direction based on the calculated direction
{LONGPATH} Turn the rotor to the calculated longpath direction
{STOPROTOR} Stop turning the rotor. Note that per the manual some functions are not supported for all rotor brands

5. CW Macros


CW macros are only substituted when used in substitutions for CW buttons.

CW Program Control and Prosign Macros
Macro
keyword
Substituted by
<
Increment CW speed with 2 wpm. See examples
>
Decrement CW speed with 2 wpm. See examples
~
Send half space character. See examples
[
SK prosign      . . . _ . _
]
AS prosign      . _ . . .
+
AR prosign      . _ . _ .
=
BT prosign      _ . . . _

* the ! Macro: To send the CW code for an exclamation point, substitute a caret ^ in the macro

Special Character Macros
Macro
keyword
Substituted by Macro
keyword
Substituted by
^
. . _ _ .
É
. . _ . .
"
. _ . . _ .
Ü
. . _ _
'
. _ _ _ _ .
Ä
. _ . _
?
. . _ _ . .
Á
. _ _ . _
/
_ . . _ .
Ñ
_ _ . _ _
:
_ _ _ . . .
Ö
_ _ _ .
;
_ . _ . _ .
_
. _ _ . _
(
_ . _ _ .
$
. . . _ . . _
)
_ . _ _ . _
@
. _ _ . _ .
,
_ _ . . _ _
.
. _ . _ . _
-
_ . . . . _
!

Close
noteImproving CW Readability
Some calls have letter combinations where it's hard for to copy correctly. E.g. 6Y2A is often copied as BY2A. To help make your call easier to copy, Go to Config > Change Packet/CW/SSB/Digital Message Buttons> Change CW Buttons, and try changing the default F1 and/or F4 message where * is used for your call. In this example, 6Y2A changes F4 from * to>6<~Y2A.
Result: the 6 is sent 2 WPM slower compared to the rest of the call, and an additional half space is added between the 6 and Y. Try other combinations of <, >, or ~ to make your call easier to copy.

5.1. CW Macro Examples

  • Sent the call entered in the callsign field
    • Macro: !
      • Send his call. The callsign entered in the callsign entry field will be sent by the program via the serial or parallel port

  • Sent CQ with your call sent as a macro substitution
    • Macro: cq~test~de~*
      • The time between the words is a half space (~).
      • The * will be replaced with the callsign from the Station dialog {MYCALL}

  • Send part of exchange faster (report sent 6 wpm faster)
    • Macro: <<<5nn>>>{EXCH}
      • The report 5nn is sent 6 wpm faster than the exchange (<<< >>>).

6. SSB Macros


SSB macros are only substituted when used in substitutions for SSB buttons. SSB macros can be concatenated using a comma.

SSB Macros
Macro keyword
Substituted by
{OPERATOR}
Specify wav files like: C:\Program Files\N1MM logger\wav\{OPERATOR}\cq.wav Default to station callsign if not specified.
See examples

6.1. SSB Macro Examples

  • Send the call entered in the callsign field
    • Macro: !
      • Send his call. The callsign entered in the callsign entry field will be sent by the soundcard. The location of the letter and number files used to make up his call sign is set up in the Configurer under the Files tab. All of the WAV files for the letters/numbers etc. must be present in that folder. See here
  • Let each operator have his own WAV files
    • Wave file name, e.g.: wav\{OPERATOR}\cq.wav
      • You can specify WAV files like: wav\{OPERATOR}\cq.wav . As you change operators in a multi-operator contest station, the WAV files will change as well. You will have to create a full set of wav files for each operator. Note that the WAV directory syntax indicates a subdirectory under the N1MM Logger program directory. You can also fully qualify the file name, like: "C:\Program Files\N1MM Logger\wavfiles\{OPERATOR}\cq.wav"
      • If you really wanted to, you could use: wav\{OPERATOR}CQ.wav and keep separately-named files in the same directory:
        • N1MMCQ.wav
        • PA1MCQ.wav
      • Play exchange with operators voice: C:\Program Files\N1MM logger\wav\{OPERATOR}\5905.wav
      • {OPERATOR} is a string substitution that is only implemented for SSB messages


7. SO2V/SO2R Macros


SO2V/SO2R macros are only substituted when SO2V or SO2R is selected. The {CTRLFx} macros work only in SO2R mode, because their functionality is not useful in SO2V.

Single Op 2 VFO and Single Op 2 Radio Macros
Macro keyword
Substituted by
{ACTIVEAUDIOTOGGLE}
Toggles the muting and unmuting of the AF gain on the active radio. This works only on radios that support this capability via the radio control port
{INACTIVEAUDIOTOGGLE}
Toggles the muting and unmuting of the AF gain on the inactive radio. This works only on radios that support this capability via the radio control port.
{ACTIVEAUDIOON}
Unmutes audio on the active radio; same limitation as above
{ACTIVEAUDIOOFF}
Mutes audio on the active radio
{INACTIVEAUDIOON}
Unmutes audio on the inactive radio
{INACTIVEAUDIOOFF}
Mutes audio on the inactive radio
{OTHERBAND}
Sends the band of the other (inactive) VFO/radio (e.g. 80)
{OTHERMHZ}
Sends the frequency of the other (inactive) VFO/radio in MHz (e.g. 3.5 and 3R5 in CW)
{OTHERFREQCUT}
CW only. Sends last digits of the frequency of the other (inactive) VFO/radio as cut numbers. Uses the cut number style selected in Configurer
{JUMPRX}
Change the RX focus to the other input window. If only one input window is shown the second window will be opened
{WIPE}
Wipe the focus window. If the entry boxes are all empty, restores the last wiped contact ("unwipe")
{ADVSO2RON}
Turn 'Advanced SO2R' on. See Chapter 'SO2R'
{ADVSO2ROFF}
Turn 'Advanced SO2R' off. See Chapter 'SO2R'
{CTRLFX}
SO2R only. Works with RTTY and CW. Sends on the other radio. Thus a CW Button might look like: "tu EXCH{CTRLF9}" where F9 on the other radio is set to send a CQ. It is important to note that via hotkey Ctrl+Shift+L will turn this feature on or off. When off the CTRLFn macro is ignored. Entry focus moves to the other radio only when the callsign field on the current radio is empty.
{CONDJUMP}
When RX and TX focus are split between two radios, and the user hits the Enter key, TX focus is first moved to the radio with RX focus. The CW message is sent. After the CW message has been completed, TX and RX focus are both moved to the other radio. When RX and TX focus are not split between radios, and the user hits the Enter key, the CW message is sent. When the CW message has been completed, TX and RX focus remain unchanged.
Typical usage in Sprint is: Run F3: TU {END} {CONDJUMP}
{QSYCQ}
Allows QSYing to the last CQ frequency on the focus radio
{STOPTX)
In specialized SO2R scenarios, forces PTT to be released. Rarely needed, and not for SO1R use.

8. Multi-User Macros


Multi-User macros are only substituted when in Multi-User mode.

Macro keyword Substituted by
{MESSAGE}
Send a message (via function key) to other connected stations over the network. See examples
{PASS 0}
...
{PASS 15}
Pass frequency from station 0 (Master station) through station 15. The Pass frequency is rounded to the nearest kHz
{PASS 1800}
...
{PASS 28000}
Insert pass frequency for first connected station found on that band. Valid values are PASS 1800, 3500, 7000, 14000, 21000 and 28000
{PASSMSG 0}
...
{PASSMSG 15}
Pass last QSO information from station 0 (Master station) through station 15

8.1. {MESSAGE} Macro Examples


The {MESSAGE} macro sends a message (via a function key) to other connected stations over the network. The info will be shown in big red letters in the Info window from the receiving station(s). Place a number directly after the {MESSAGE} macro if you want to send the message to one specific station. If you don't want to send to a specific station, but want to start your message with a number put "- " in front of the message. Because "*" is used by macro substitution to indicate a callsign, you cannot put a * a the beginning of a message to indicate that the message should be sent to all stations. Since sending to all stations is the default behavior, this is not a problem. Just don't start the message with a number if you want to send the message to all stations.

{MESSAGE} Macro Examples
Button text Macro
F8 Pass station
{MESSAGE}2 {TIMEGMT} {PASS 1} {CALL} {GRIDSQUARE} {GRIDBEARING}deg. {KMGRIDDISTANCE} km.
Message sent to station 2 with info about the station in the callsign field. This is a macro which could be used in VHFREG1 where a station is sent from one band to another
F8 Pass station
{MESSAGE} {TIMEGMT} {PASS 1} {CALL} {GRIDSQUARE} {GRIDBEARING}deg. {KMGRIDDISTANCE} km.
Message sent to all connected stations with info about the station in the callsign field
F8 OK
{MESSAGE}2 OK. Send OK to station 2

9. Digital (RTTY and PSK) Macros


The following substitutions will be made when sending function key.
In the Digital interface the macros below can be used but also all other macros shown under general macros.

Macro keyword Substituted by
{TX}
Start transmission in the digital interfaces (needed to transmit!) Needed at thebeginning of every Digital macro!
{RX}
Switch to receive in the digital interfaces (needed to get back to receive). Needed at the end of every Digital macro!
{CLRRX}
Clear the RX window. This macro can be used either alone or after an {END} macro.
{SCQ}
Placed at end of TU macro, resume CQ
{GRAB}
Grab first callsign from grab callsign window
{DELALL}
Delete all entries from grab callsign window
{DELTOP}
Delete Top Entry from grab callsign window
{DELSEL}
Delete highlighted entry from grab callsign window
_
(Underscore) MMTTY only. Send an idle tone
^
Send the ! character (! sends the other station's call; use ^ to put a ! character in a message)
{FILE:xxxx}
Send textfile located in N1MM Logger program directory. xxxxx is replaced by the name of the text file and the text file needs to be in the logger directory. The macro works any place in a macro string. If the text file only contains one line it does not add CR to end of line. When the text file is multi lined the CR from the last line will be removed so the following text will be on the same line. Multiple {FILE:xxxx} macros are allowed in one macro string
{LDIGFQ}
Left Digital Interface Frequency
{RDIGFQ}
Right Digital Interface Frequency
{PREVTIME}
Send previously sent time (for ANARTS and BARTG alike contests)
{ALIGN}
Move signal into bandpass range. Does the same as Align Buttons on Digital Interfaces and the PSK Engine
{PROFILE0}
MMTTY only. Reset to HAM default definitions for RTTY mark, space, width
{PROFILE1}
...
{PROFILE8}
MMTTY only. {PROFILE1} through {PROFILE8} in the function keys at the start of a CQ or S&P macro will change MMTTY's profile. This way it is possible to have one profile for CQing and another one for S&P or however you want to set them up
{HXXXX}
HAL DXP38 only. The DXP-38 commands are in the form of Hex that look like $80 $EA. This macro substitution takes the text string in the form of {HXXXX} or {H80EA} and converts this to the appropriate command that should be sent to the TU. See the RTTY chapter for more HAL DXP38 info
{DI1}...{DI24}
Send text assigned to the digital macro keys DI-1 to DI-24 on the Digital Interface
{LOGTHENGRAB}
Run Mode only. Log the current contact and grab the top callsign from the Grab window of the DI. If the grab window is empty, logs the current contact and then switches to the TU key message instead of continuing with the rest of the message containing {LOGTHENGRAB}
{DIGQTCR}
WAE contest only. Open Digital QTC Receive window
{DIGQTCS}
WAE contest only. Open Digital QTC Send window
{ALT-T}
Same as keyboard ALT+T - Toggle TX/RX state
{ALT-Q}
Same as keyboard ALT+Q - Return to CQ frequency
{ENABLEAFC}
Turn AFC on
{DISABLEAFC}
Turn AFC off
{ENABLENET}
Turn NET on (not applicable in FSK)
{DISABLENET}
Turn NET off

Close
warningAlways use {TX} and {RX} together
Use {TX} and {RX} together in your macros. Otherwise, {TX} alone in a macro will cause the radio to remain in transmit until you press an RX button or the ESC key

Close
tipTNC - Clear Buffer After Abort
It is best to add the command that your TNC uses to clear the transmit buffer to the end of your Abort Macro. If not, the transmit buffer still holds the remaining characters that were left in the sent string and will get sent the next time the TNC sends.

9.1. RTTY and PSK Macro Examples

Example Function Key Macros
Function Macro
Log the contact, grab a call from the Grab box and give an exchange to the next station.
If the Grab box is empty, this macro will log the contact and just send the TU message instead.
{TX}{ENTER} ! {LOGTHENGRAB} TU NW {F5}{F2}{RX}
Log the contact, pull the next callsign from the call stack and send the exchange to him (see Single Operator Call Stacking).
If you want to stack another station that has called you, just Alt-Click on the call in the RX window and it will be placed on the call stack where you can get it with this macro.
{TX}{ENTER} ! {LOGTHENPOP} TU NW {F5}{F2}{RX}

Example Macros for the PK-232 (Digital Interface window)
Button text Macro
Abort
{CTRL-C}R{ENTER}TC{ENTER}
TX
X{ENTER}
RX
{CTRL-D}
Band Up
RB U{ENTER}
RxReverse
RXREV T{ENTER}

Example Function Key Macros for the PK-232 (Entry window)
Mode Button text Macro
Running
F1 CQ
X{ENTER}CQ CQ CQ TEST DE {MYCALL} {MYCALL} K CQ{CTRL-D}
Running
F2 Exch
X{ENTER} ! UR 599 {EXCH} 599 {EXCH} BK{CTRL-D}
Running
F3 Tnx/Qrz
X{ENTER} ! TU GL DE {MYCALL} QRZ{CTRL-D}
S&P
F1 {MYCALL}
X{ENTER}! DE {MYCALL} {MYCALL}{CTRL-D}
S&P
F2 Exch
X{ENTER}! UR 599 {EXCH} 599 {EXCH} GL DE {MYCALL}{CTRL-D}

Example Macros for the KAM
Button text Macro
Abort
{CTRL-C}R RTTY {ENTER}
TX
{CTRL-C}T
RX
{CTRL-C}E

Example Macros for the SCS PTC (Digital Interface window)
Button text Macro
Abort
{ESC}CLR{ENTER}{CTRL-D}{ENTER}
TX/RX
{CTRL-Y}
RX-Reverse
{ESC}TR 1{ENTER}
RX-Norm
{ESC}TR 0{ENTER}
45 Baud
{ESC}BAU 45{ENTER}
75 Baud
{ESC}BAU 75{ENTER}
Command mode
{ESC}Q{ENTER}
- - -
- - -
RTTY
{ESC}Q{ENTER}BAU{ENTER}
PSK31
{ESC}Q{ENTER}PSKT{ENTER}
CW
{ESC}Q{ENTER}CWT{ENTER}
AMTOR
{ESC}Q{ENTER}AMTOR{ENTER}
PACTOR
{ESC}Q{ENTER}PT{ENTER}
PACKET
{ESC}Q{ENTER}PACKET{ENTER}

Example Function Key Macros for the SCS PTC (Entry window)
Mode Button text Macro
Running
F1 CQ
{CTRL-Y}CQ TEST DE * * * k{ENTER}{CTRL-Y}
Running
F2 Exch
{CTRL-Y}! HI 599 {EXCH} {EXCH} K{CTRL-Y}
Running
F3 CFM
{CTRL-Y}! QSL TU DE * QRZ? K{CTRL-Y}
S&P
F1 {MYCALL}
{CTRL-Y}! DE * * K{CTRL-Y}
S&P
F2 Exch
{CTRL-Y}DE * TU 599 {EXCH} {EXCH} GL DE *{CTRL-Y}

Example Function Key Macros for MMTTY (Entry window)
Mode Button text Macro
Running
F1 CQ
{TX} CQ CQ CQ TEST DE {MYCALL} {MYCALL} K CQ {RX}
Running
F2 Exch
{TX} ! UR 599 {EXCH} 599 {EXCH} BK{RX}
Running
F3 Tnx/Qrz
{TX} ! TU GL DE {MYCALL} QRZ {RX}
S&P
F1 {MYCALL}
{TX} ! DE {MYCALL} {MYCALL}{RX}
S&P
F2 Exch
{TX} ! UR 599 {EXCH} 599 {EXCH} GL DE {MYCALL}{RX}
Send CQ
on new line
F1 CQ
{TX}{ENTERLF} CQ DE {MYCALL}{RX}

10. Packet/Telnet Macros


Packet/Telnet macros are only substituted when used in the packet/telnet buttons.

Macros for use in packet/telnet buttons
Macro keyword Substituted by
{WAIT}
Wait 5 seconds (fixed value)


Macros for use in 'Comment For All Spots' (in Telnet/Packet window).

Macros for use in 'Comment For All Spots' (in Telnet/Packet window)
Macro keyword Substituted by
{GRIDSQUARE}
Gridsquare from grid textbox in Entry window
{MODE}
Mode used during contact in Entry window
{QTH}
QTH from section/qth textbox in Entry window
{ZONE}
Zone for state/province/section/oblast/other textbix in Entry window

10.1. Packet Macro Examples

  • Connect the local DXcluster using TAPR firmware
    • Macro: {CTRL-C}C {CLUSTER}{ENTER}
    • The above sentence is specified for a function key in the Packet Window
      • {CTRL-C} sends a Control-C character to the TNC which is placed in command mode
      • {CLUSTER} will be substituted with the Packet Node Call from the Station Information dialog. As example: PI8XXX
      • {ENTER} will be substituted with the Enter key
    • The result is that the TNC is placed in Command mode (with Ctrl+C) and C PI8XXX is sent to the TNC because an Enter is sent after the command

  • Connect the Local DXcluster using TF/Nordlink firmware:
    • Macro: {ESC}C {CLUSTER}{ENTER}
    • The above sentence is specified for a function key in the Packet Window
      • {ESC} places an Escape character in the command line buffer. This is the same as Shift+Escape when the cursor is on the command line from the Packet Window
      • {CLUSTER} will be substituted with the Packet Node Call from the Station Information dialog. As example: PI8XXX
      • {ENTER} will be substituted with the Enter key
    • The result is that the TNC is placed in Command mode (with ESC) and C PI8XXX is sent to the TNC because an Enter is sent after the command

  • This is an example where more commands are placed under one function key:
    • Macro: {ESC}I {MYCALL}{ENTER}{ESC}P 100{ENTER}{ESC}S1{ENTER}{ESC}C {CLUSTER}{ENTER}
    • The above sentence is specified for a function key in the Packet Window
        • {ESC}I {MYCALL}{ENTER} Send my call to the TNC
        • {ESC}P 100{ENTER} Change the Persistence to 100
        • {ESC}C {CLUSTER}{ENTER} Connect my local DXcluster
  • So one function key does it all!

  • This is an example using the {WAIT} macro:
    • Macro: {CTRL-M}{WAIT}C PE1M-7{WAIT}PA1M
    • In the substitutions you can include things like {CTRL-M}. The {WAIT} macro that waits 5 seconds.
    • Enter is sent automatically after each command. This may cause a problem with some systems.

  • This example sends Ctrl+Z to the DX-cluster to send packet mail (end message)
    • When you have no way to send CTRL+Z to the packet TNC. Then set one of the packet macros to {CTRL-Z} and that works just fine.
    • Example F12: {CTRL-Z}


Last Modification: 08 November 2013 04:31:28 EST by N1MM.